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D and L Sugars

What differentiates “D-glucose” from “L-glucose” ? Or D-alanine from L-alanine? What’s this D- and L- nomenclature, anyway? For everyone in a rush, here is the

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What is Mutarotation?

The term “mutarotation” originates from the observed change in the optical rotation of the alpha- and beta- anomers of glucose upon dissolution in water. Due

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Reducing Sugars

What’s a reducing sugar, and why is it important? Here’s a quick summary. Full details in the post below. Before We Talk About Reducing Sugars:

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The Haworth Projection

Let’s introduce the Haworth Projection, a frequently encountered convention for depicting sugars. “What!?” you may ask.  Yet another drawing convention? At this late stage of

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